Cubism was invented by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. The artists’ aim was to bring different views of their subjects (usually objects or figures) together in the same picture, resulting in paintings that appear fragmented and abstracted. In addition to this it was to show viewpoints at the same time within the same space, but also to emphasise the two dimensional flatness of the canvas, creating the illusion of depth. Cubism was partially influence by post impressionist painter Paul Cezzane who painted things from a slightly different point of view. It was also influenced by African tribal masks.
Below are images of some of Cezzane’s paintings
Cubism has developed into two different types of phases: analytic cubism= early phase of cubism, distinguishing features include structured dissection of the subject, viewpoint-by-viewpoint, resulting in a fragmentary image of multiple viewpoints and overlapping planes. There was also use of a simplified palette of colours, so the viewer was not distracted from the structure of the form, and the density of the image at the centre of the canvas. Below are examples of analytic cubist paintings by Braque and Picasso
Synthetic cubism= later cubist work which the artists collaged real elements such as newspapers into their paintings and experimented with cubist constructions. olors were much brighter, geometric forms were more distinct, and textures began to emerge with additives like sand, paper. Below are examples of synthetic cubism
Cubism was the start of much abstract art such as constructivism and neo- plasticism. It has also had an influence on 20th Century architecture and sculpture.