Wyndham Lewis

A painter and write who was a co-founder of the vorticism movement. His paintings were like short stories which had a mechanistic view of human social behaviour, which was evident in the deliberately clumsy and grotesque figures in his art. When he started producing geometrical and semi-abstract art based on machine and architectural forms, he became obsessed with politics and it’s implications on art. Lewis served in the British Army during the First World War. Due to his experiences in the army, Lewis changed his view on art and the machine age. He told a friend that Vorticism  was “a little narrow segment of time, on the far side of World War I. That first war, you have to regard, as far as I am concerned, as a black solid mass, cutting off all that went before it”.




Filip Dujardin

Filip Dujardin is a photographer from Belgium who specialises in architectural photography. He takes photographs of contemporary buildings and turns them into non existent and impossible buildings. This in my opinion makes his work mesmerizing, bizarre and interesting to look at. He creates his images by creating a model on the on a computer (he uses Google SketchUp and photoshop) or with cardboard and then he goes out to find suitable buildings.

Most of the work that I have looked at so far has been heavily architectural based, I am not yet sure weather that is the direction I want photographs to go in. I think it would be interesting to present nature or landscape photography in this style. Kawahara Kazuhiko (see previous post) has done a project where he has started to do something with nature but he also incorporates buildings in those images as well.






Kawahara Kazuhiko

By making it symmetrical I confront the natural with the mechanical, the artificial. Architecture in itself is made entirely by people to be used and controlled by people. It is artificial. However, when people come and gather, it becomes like a city, a living organism and the situation transforms into something more natural. My works contain both those artificial and natural components. I’m attracted by the dynamism of the change from a simple form to a complicated organism.

Kawahara Kazuhiko, 2007

Kawahara Kazuhiko aka Palla is a Japanese photographer and architect who creates images out of landscapes and infrastructure. He does this by digitally manipulating the images to morph and transform buildings. The aim of his work is to reveal hidden structures and systems. I chose to look at this photographer because his work resembles kaleidoscopes and in a way looks like a modern version of vorticist photography and art.

Whilst looking around his websites I came across a slide/lecture which details his process and ideas. Below are some notes on the areas that I found interesting

He uses mirror images of one photograph.The space in the images can’t exist in the real world but can be perceived as real space. It is on the edge of virtual and real. Another technique he uses is overlapping multiple images rotated at constant angles. Through this kind of work he says he unconsciously traced that religious iconographies in the world are generated through mathematical manipulations.

Our common scene can be transformed into a grotesque on. “The action of taking a photograph means to draw an outline of the object on my interface. In other words, I divide the optical area into the light and shadow, but an ill defined zone as out of assertion remains any time”

“On the process to create the image it is impossible to release the shutter predictions of completed images. So in general it seems I have created the artwork without my transcendental visual image. It transforms in the contradiction between personal creativity and the autonomous process. Thus I have asserted to recognise as an artwork when I look at transforming an image”







Cubism was invented by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. The artists’ aim was to bring different views of their subjects (usually objects or figures) together in the same picture, resulting in paintings that appear fragmented and abstracted. In addition to this it was to show viewpoints at the same time within the same space, but also to emphasise the two dimensional flatness of the canvas, creating the illusion of depth. Cubism was partially influence by post impressionist painter Paul Cezzane who painted things from a slightly different point of view. It was also influenced by African tribal masks.

Below are images of some of Cezzane’s paintings

Cubism has developed into two different types of phases: analytic cubism= early phase of cubism, distinguishing features include structured dissection of the subject, viewpoint-by-viewpoint, resulting in a fragmentary image of multiple viewpoints and overlapping planes. There was also use of a simplified palette of colours, so the viewer was not distracted from the structure of the form, and the density of the image at the centre of the canvas. Below are examples of analytic cubist paintings by Braque and Picasso

Synthetic cubism=  later cubist work which the artists collaged real elements such as newspapers into their paintings and experimented with cubist constructions. olors were much brighter, geometric forms were more distinct, and textures began to emerge with additives like sand, paper. Below are examples of synthetic cubism

Cubism was the start of much abstract art such as constructivism and neo- plasticism. It has also had an influence on 20th Century architecture and sculpture.