Here is a link to my final project!
I have decided to redo the picture of the Galleries picture because I really didn’t like it and i just bothered me to look at. I just felt like it looked a bit messy and untidy and I prefer the way the newer picture looks. The inspiration for the new edit is a mixture of Simon Gardiner and Kawahara Kazuhiko’s work. Below are both the new version and the old version. The next step for me now is to pick the photos that I am going to submit as my final images and fix them up a little bit more.
On Thursday I went out and took some pictures of the Bearpit, I also took some more photos of the Hippodrome because I didn’t really the way the previous pictures I took of it looked and I felt like it looked even horrible when I edited it. The new photos that I took of the Hippodrome were taken in the evening so the Hippodrome sign was lit up and it could be seen more clearly. I will be posting all of the photos I have edited. In the last few days I have managed to edit a pictures of the Suspension bridge, Hippodrome, and The Bearpit. Below are the unedited versions of the photos that I took.
The Colston Hall Company had a vision of building a concert hall in the city so they bought the land from Colston Boy’s School. It opened in 1867. In 1889 a fire broke out and Colston Hall was closed then reopened in 1901. The second Hall was bought from the Colston Hall Company by Bristol Corporation for £65,000 and was managed by the City Council until 2011. The site has been occupied by four buildings named Colston Hall since the 1860s. The location also once held a Tudor era mansion known as the Great House, which was use by Queen Elizabeth I in 1574 on a visit to the city.
Due to significant fires details of early performances at the Colston Hall are limited. The Royal College of Music holds an archive from 1896 onwards which references a triennial musical festival founded in 1873 as well as performances from the Bristol Symphony Orchestra. In the 1920s composer and pianist Sergei Rachmaninoff performed. Today the venue has played host to a variety of acts from musicians to comedians as well as theatrical productions.
There has been controversy over the hall’s name because of Edward Colston’s link to the slave trade, with much of his wealth coming from the slave trade. Artists such as Massive Attack have vowed to never play at the venue until its name has changed. And there have been campaigners who have called for its name to be changed.
Bristol Hippodrome opened in 1912. It began as a venue of early variety and revue, and was for a time a cinema. It became a wartime moral booster. Theatre manager Oswald Stoll and a theatre architect called Frank Matcham worked together to build the Bristol Hippodrome as well as other theatres such as the London Coliseum and Hackney Empire. Stoll has been credited as the pioneer of the concept of variety “to which a man could take his fiancée without fear of causing her embarrassment.”
He had a vision of something upmarket and something that spared no luxury and it was seen as his greatest triumph outside of London. The interior of the place had a nautical theme, which was in keeping with Bristol’s maritime history. Today the theatre seats 1,951; when it opened the figure was 1,870, but, with police regulations not strictly enforced, mass standing was allowed. The frist press release claimed that it could hold up to 3,000 people. If anyone found the standing room too crowded, they could get a refund. “The Hippodrome considered itself a cut above tawdry music hall. It prided itself on refined entertainment.”
When The Four Marx Brothers (a team of sibling comedians, who performed in vaudeville, stage plays, film and television.) made their first visit to Britain they only performed in Bristol, London and Manchester. It was one of the centuries’ biggest “coups”. The 1920s were the Hippodrome’s golden decade with loads of famous artists and actors coming to perform, (from Robb Wilton to Gracie Fields) But across the country there was a change in entertainment that started to occur. This was a result of emergence of sound film (aka the talkies). Even though Bristol had cinemas,the Hippodrome chose to dabble in this new medium, mixing the variety with the showing of films in 1929 (the first was a comedy short called Miss Information). The first pantomime was staged three years later with: Dick Whittington and his Cat. They also showed educational films for young people. But the demand was irresistible and a complete conversion to cinema came in October 1932.
Approval was not unanimous. The Empire had made the switch the year before, leaving Bristol without a variety house, and at the end of the Hippodrome’s last night of live entertainment a near-riot broke out. A crowd surged towards the stage demanding a speech from the manager, who emerged amid a shower of programmes to hold out hope that one day variety might return. People were even writing protest letters to the local press!
After showing films for six years, and with 29 cinemas in the Bristol area now competing for a decreasing number of new releases and forced to screen countless re-runs, the demand for variety was rekindled. The Hippodrome reopened in 1938 as a variety theatre. The Hippodrome survived the war unscathed, but it was partly destroyed by a fire which completely obliterated the stage area, including the famous water tank. Luckily the auditorium was largely saved by fire fighters. “The Hippodrome was seen as a jewel in the crown and would not be allowed to fail.”
In the 70’s there was a resurgence of interest in live entertainment, spurred by popular musicals such as Hair and Godspell. Portacabins were installed on the roof to relieve overcrowded dressing rooms, to improve the theatre’s appeal to artists. In 1984 the Hippodrome was sold for just under £1 million to Apollo Leisure, a group that specialised in transforming the fortunes of loss-making theatres, they slashed running costs but also funded repairs and improvements, including new star dressing rooms, and aggressively marketed the Hippodrome. The public no longer had to travel to London to see the very best shows because they were coming to Bristol, sometimes even before appearing in the capital, earning the Hippodrome the reputation of being Bristol’s West End Theatre.
In 1996 it had a £1.2 million facelift which acknowledged the theatre’s roots. Auditorium seating and dressing rooms were upgraded and Apollo bought back the lease from the burger bar next door and turned it into a bistro called Grant’s, after the theatre’s most famous son, Cary Grant. In 2012 it was restyled as the Piano Bar- a cocktail bar complete with grand piano.. A new box office was also opened with direct street access.
Today the theatre’s offering a range from singers Shirley Bassey and Van Morrison to acts such as the Dreamboys and children’s shows during the daytime. The ageing of Britain’s population has produced more pensioners, leisure time and disposable income, which have boosted the industry. The year 2009 was a record-breaker for the Hippodrome, with more than 80 productions, 478,000 customers through the door and a box office turnover of £11 million. Despite hard times its owners spared it the fate of so many other variety theatres, replaced with multi-storey car parks or wider roads.
Edward Wadsworth was an English painter who was one of the artist in the vorticist movement. He raised in an industrial environment and he had an interest with the machine, which was shown through some of his work. He was also interested in the new vision of the world opened up by air travel. Most of his work during the vorticist movement has been lost, but from the woodcuts from his extended series show he often looked down on northern industrial centres from far above.